Energy Minister Angus Taylor has ordered a parliamentary inquiry into nuclear energy.
"This will be the first inquiry into the use of nuclear power in Australia in more than a decade and is designed to consider the economic, environmental and safety implications of nuclear power," he wrote this week.
The inquiry follows campaigns from Coalition senators James McGrath and Keith Pitt, New South Wales Nationals leader John Barilaro, and the Minerals Council to re-examine the nuclear option.
The Government continues to grapple with the pressures of energy prices, reducing carbon emissions and ensuring reliability.
Investigating nuclear is controversial however, given both major parties agree to a ban on nuclear energy in Australia and the Fukushima nuclear disaster occurred in Japan less than a decade ago.
The biggest change in the nuclear sector since the last federal government review is the emergence of "small modular reactors" (SMRs). This technology was specifically referenced in Mr Taylor's request for an inquiry.